After installing you need to setup your WordPress properly to get the maximum out of it. There are several setting which you need to understand before moving further with developing your WordPress website. These settings can deeply effect the SEO, user experience and speed performance of your website.
WordPress general settings
WordPress general settings are used to set the basic configuration for your website.
Go to Settings → General option in WordPress admin panel.
This has following option :
Site Title − This displays the name of site in the header. Make it relevant to your business or website.
Tagline − Displays a short descript about your site, you should describe your website motive.
WordPress Address (URL) − It is the URL of WordPress directory where your all core application files are present.
Site Address(URL) − Enter site URL with which you want your site to display on the browser.
E-mail Address − Enter your e-mail address with which you can recover your password or any update.
Membership − Anyone can register to create a account on your site after you check this checkbox.
New User Default Role − This is to set default role for newly registered user or members.
Timezone − Sets your time zone based on your particular city.
Date Format − Set the date format as you want to display on your website.
Time Format − Set the time format as you want to display on your website.
Week Starts On − Select day with which you want to start your WordPress calendar. It is set as Monday by default.
Site Language − Set the language for the WordPress.
WordPress writing settings
WordPress writing settings controls the writing experience and provides options for customizing website. These settings control the features for adding and editing posts, Pages, and Post Types, as well as the optional functions like Remote Publishing, Post via e-mail, and Update Services.
For this section go to Settings → Writing option.
Formatting − This option defines two sub options for the better user experience.
Its first option convert smileys like 🙂 and 😛 to graphics so on display text-based emoticons will turn into graphic-based emoticons.
Second option corrects invalidly nested XHTML automatically into the valid XHTML which is placed within the posts or pages.
Default Post Category − Here you canb set the category to be applied to a post by default by default it is Uncategorized.
Default Post Format − This option is used by themes to select which post format to be applied to a post or to create different styles for different post types .
Post via e-mail − This option uses e-mail address to create posts and publishes posts on your blog through e-mail. To use this, you’ll need to set up a secret e-mail account with a POP3 access, and any mail received at this address will be posted.
Mail Server − Here you can set your own mail server to be used by WordPress, is has to be a POP3 compatible mail server and it should have URI address such as mail.example.com.
Login Name − This is the username for the WordPress.
Password − Here you set password for account.
Default Mail Category − It allows selecting custom category for all the posts that are published via Post by e-mail feature.
Update Services − When you publish a new post, WordPress will automatically notify the site update services in the box. See the Update Services on the codex for the long list of possible services.
WordPress reading settings
Reading Settings are used to set the content related to the front page and posts page. Here you can set the number of post to be displayed on the page.
Go to Settings → Reading option in WordPress admin panel.
Following are the details of fields in reading settings.
Front page displays − This section is used to display the front page in any of the following format −
Your latest posts − It displays latest posts on the front page.
A static page − It displays the static pages on the front page.
Front Page − You can select the actual page you want to display on front page from the drop down.
Posts Page − You can select the page from the drop down which contains posts.
Blog pages show at most − The number of posts to be displayed per page or site. By default, it is set as 10.
Syndication feeds show the most recent − The user can view the number of posts when they download one of the site feeds. By default, it is set as 10.
For each article in a feed, show − This section is used to display the post by selecting any of the following formats −
Full Text − It displays the complete post. It is set as default.
Summary − It displays the summary of the post.
Search Engine Visibility − After clicking on the checkbox, Discourage search engines from indexing this site, your site will be ignored by the search engine.
WordPress discussion settings
Following fields are seen in Discussion settings.
Default article settings − These settings are default to the new pages you create or new posts. This contains three more settings. They are −
Attempt to notify any blogs linked to from the article − When you publish articles then it sends a notification (sends pings and trackback) to other blogs.
Allow link notifications from other blogs (pingbacks and trackbacks) − Accepts pings from other blogs.
Allow people to post comments on new articles − You can allow or disallow other people to comment on your article using this setting.
You can change the settings as per your will for individual articles.
Other Comment Settings − This setting has the following options −
Comment author must fill out name and e-mail − When you check this box, it is mandatory for visitors to fill their name and email address.
Users must be registered and logged in to comment − If you check this box, only those registered visitors can leave comments, if not checked anyone can leave any number of comments.
Automatically close comments on articles older than days − This option allows you to accept comments only for a particular time period as per your wish.
Enable threaded (nested) comments − When you check this option, visitors can reply or have a discussion and get responses.
Break comments into pages with top level comments per page and the page displayed by default − If your pages are getting a lot of comments then you can split them into different pages by checking this box.
Comments should be displayed with the comments at the top of each page − You can arrange the comments in the form of ascending or descending order.
Email me whenever − This setting contains two options, namely −
Anyone posts a comment − When you check into this box, the author gets an e-mail for every single comment that is posted.
A comment is held for moderation − This is used in case you do not want your comment to be updated before it’s moderated by the admin.
Before a comment appears − This setting allows how your posts are controlled. There are two more settings as followed −
Comment must be manually approved − If you check this box then only the approved comments by the admin can be displayed on the posts or pages.
Comment author must have a previously approved comment − This can be checked when you want to approve a comment of an author whose has commented and his e-mail address matches the e-mail address of the previous posted comment. Otherwise the comment is held for moderation.
Comment Moderation − Contain only a specific number of links that are allowed into a comment.
Comment Blacklist − You can input your own spam words which you do not want your visitors to enter into the comments, URL, e-mail etc.; later it would filter the comments.
Avatars − Avatar is a small image that displays at the top-right-hand corner of the dashboard screen beside your name. It is like your profile picture. Here you have a few more options where you can set your avatar for WordPress site.
Avatar Display − It displays your avatar besides your name when it is checked.
Maximum rating − You have a four other options of avatars you can use. They are G, PG, R and X. This is the age section where you select according to which type of audience you want to display your posts.
Default Avatar − In this option, there are few more types of avatars with images; you can keep these avatars according to your visitors e-mail address.
WordPress media settings
These settings help you manage media on your WordPress.
Following are the fields on Media settings −
Thumbnail size − Here you can modify size of the thumbnail.
Medium size − Here you can set height and width of medium size images.
Large size − Here you can set width and height of larger images.
Uploading files − After checking this, the uploaded images will be uploaded into year and month based folders.
WordPress permalink settings
Permalinks are the most important part or all these settings. Permalinks decide the url structure of your website.
Below are few permalink settings you can choose −
Common settings −
Check any of the permalink structure for your blogs
Default − This sets a default URL structure in WordPress.
Day and name − This sets URL structure according to the date and name of the posts.
Month and name − This sets the URL structure according to the month and name of post.
Numeric − This sets numbers in the URL structure of post.
Post name − This sets post name in the URL structure of post.
Custom Structure − This sets the URL structure of your choice by writing the desired name in the given text filed.
Here you can custom structure for main category or tag. If you leave this text field empty then default settings are used. This gives two options.
Category Base − Add custom prefix for your category Link.
Tag Base − Add custom prefix to your Tags Link.